ESP – ENG
On December 30, 1922, the plenipotentiary delegations of the Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian and Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Federative Republics approved the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
This act was the consolidation of the process that began 5 years earlier with the October Revolution. However, the journey was anything but straightforward. The project faced all kinds of threats and aggression from Western powers. But it also lit a beacon of hope for people all around the world. The oppressed classes had seized power.
Once it was up and running, the Soviet Union would accumulate achievements at breakneck speed. It went from a backward, rural country to industrialized powerhouse in two decades. Advances in science, technology, art, culture and many other areas were constant throughout the 20th century.
One of the most significant episodes was the World War II, known as the Great Patriotic War in the USSR. The Soviet people and the Red Army, with incalculable sacrifices, stopped the Nazi war machine in its tracks before launching a rampant counteroffensive on the Eastern Front.
The Cold War that followed was a period of high tension. However, the USSR played a pivotal role, both in terms of inspiration and material support, in the liberation struggles that took place in the Global South.
The second half of the 20th century was also a period of decline of the Soviet project. External attacks, the weight of the arms race, coupled with errors and internal deformations of the process would lead to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the entire socialist bloc in Eastern Europe. But Lenin and the revolutionary ideals of the project are still alive in present-day struggles.